The buccinator is a thin quadrilateral muscle occupying the interval between the maxilla and the mandible at the side of the face. It forms the anterior part of the. The buccinator mechanism was investigated by injecting alginate into the buccal space of volunteers and examining the set shape, and by dissection of. (b) The buccinator mechanism during activity. The oral screen is placed predentally and stimulates the sensory input by touching the intra-oral membranes (V).

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As might have been expected, the sonomicrometric methodology was highly reliable in revealing changes in muscle dimensions in awake animals, but essentially useless for semi-isometric contractions that were induced by tetanizing the muscle in anesthetized animals. In pigs this timing corresponds with the initiation of jaw closure 25 and therefore suggests the buccinator is controlling the placement of the bolus on the occlusal table as the jaw closes, an interpretation also supported by videofluorographic studies of bolus position in humans.

Christopher Marshall for access to his archived data on minipig buccinator EMG. Fine wire electrodes 0. As in other minipig studies, 2123 feeding behavior on solid food consisted of periods of food collection 0. Second, higher pressures for tough foods were generally associated with greater dimensional changes. Furthermore, our results show clearly that contraction of the buccinator is the cause of pressure against the alveolar process. As the chewing becomes regular, a distinction between working and balancing side activity develops in the buccinator, as shown in the boxed blow-up.

In this animal dimensional changes were similar in direction but not magnitude to those of mastication, anteroposterior LLength shortening, and mediolateral LThick thickening. A very interesting aspect of our buccinator EMG results was the difference between the working side and balancing side Fig.

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Pig chow and orange produced intermediate results.

Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray’s Anatomy Muscles of the head and neck. Considering only the 4 animals that ate at least 3 foods, a pattern emerges if these data are surveyed in terms of which foods elicited the largest changes in length and thickness and which the smallest.

Levator anguli oris Levator labii superioris Zygomaticus major minor. A postero-anterior videofluorographic study of the intra-oral management of food in man. The working-side buccinator has higher amplitude and longer duration than the balancing side, but the basic timing is similar on the two sides. Conclusions Buccinator contraction does thicken the cheek, and during mastication this activity takes place just as the closing stroke begins.

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The independence of orbicularis oris and buccinator activity patterns further indicates buccknator despite the apparent continuity of their fiber bundles at the oral commissure, these two muscles in pigs are neurologically distinct. A flat titanium-bodied pressure transducer Model P19F, 5mm diameter, 1.

Stimulation of the buccinator in anesthetized pigs, resting vs contracted dimensions and pressure a. EMG electrodes were placed as in the daily recordings.

Anesthetized animals in the prone position consistently showed buccinator resting lengths and pressures that differed from the baseline dimensions and pressures of awake, feeding animals.

The buccinator mechanism.

This procedure was, however, not reliable mechanksm dimensional changes, which varied widely in direction as well as in amount when the buccinator was tetanized Table 3. Low power view of scale bar 1 mm showing the generally horizontal orientation of the deeper fibers, becoming interwoven near the oral commissure OC.


With the possible exception of dried apricot, all of the natural foods we used would either produce juice or would fracture or both when crushed. One possibility is that this unusual pattern is related to the alternating chewing style of pigs. Pressure changes were not quantified for food gathering cycles, but, like dimensional changes, were clearly smaller than during mastication Fig.

The Future of Orthodontics. Roughly coincident with the maximum buccinator peak shaded regionspressure begins to rise, length decreases, and the muscle thickens. One or more distances were simultaneously recorded in Acqknowledge III in order to associate EMG data with the dimensional and pressure changes of the buccinator.

In humans, the buccinator and orbicularis oris EMG bursts occur simultaneously at the end of the opening phase, just prior to strong contraction of the masseter muscle.

An anatomical study of the buccinator muscle fibres that extend to the terminal portion of the parotid duct, and their functional roles in salivary secretion. During mastication dimensional changes of the buccinator were much more rhythmic and dramatic and were clearly associated with EMG.

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. Therefore, the surgery and implantations did not disrupt buccinator activity.

The buccinator during mastication: a functional and anatomical evaluation in minipigs

After the pressure transducer was placed, four ultrasonic crystal transducers 2 mm diameter with barbs or suture loops for tissue retention, Sonometrics Co.

Ear Auricular anterior superior posterior Temporoparietalis. Jaw closer activity was negligible.

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